COVID-19 measures implemented for nursing home staff and their perspectives on the importance of the measures: A qualitative study

Ylse van Dijk*, Lisa S. Van Tol, Wilco P. Achterberg, Sytse Zuidema, Sarah Janus

*Corresponding author voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

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Background: Measures against COVID-19 in nursing homes affected not only clients but also staff. However, staff perspectives on the importance of these measures remain underexplored.

Objective: To investigate measures related to staff during the COVID-19 pandemic, staff perspectives of important measures and the involvement of staff in deciding on these measures.

Design: A qualitative study.

Setting(s): We analysed minutes of nursing home outbreak teams in the Netherlands and conducted group meetings with Dutch nursing home staff in different positions, prioritizing measures and discussing staff’ involvement in deciding on the measures. Participants were recruited purposefully.

Participants: The minutes of 41 nursing home organizations were collected during March–November, 2020. Four group meetings were organized in the same period, each with 5 to 7 participants, resulting in 23 participants.

Methods: The meeting minutes were analysed using qualitative content analysis, whereas reflexive thematic analysis was used for the group meeting data. The group meetings were conducted online and structured by the Nominal Group Technique to discuss the importance of measures for

Results: Measures implemented for staff focused on prevention of COVID-19 transmission, (suspension of) educational activities, testing, additional tasks and staffing capacity, promoting well-being, and other means of support. The implemented measures overlapped with the measures
considered important by staff. In addition, staff considered measures on decision-making support and communication to be important. Staff prioritized the measures in the group meetings because
they affected their well-being, workforce scheduling, decision-making, or infection prevention. Furthermore, the group meetings revealed that decision-making shifted from mainly implementing national measures to more context-adjusted decision-making in the staff’s or clients’

Conclusions: We showed that although nursing home staff were not always involved in decision-making during the first COVID-19 wave, there was overlap between the measures implemented by the organizations and measures considered important by staff. We suggest that organizations should be encouraged to explore ways of promoting timely involvement of staff in decision-making; for example, through monitoring staff needs and well-being and giving staff more autonomy to deviate from standard measures during future outbreaks or medical emergencies.
Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's11
TijdschriftInternational Journal of Nursing Studies Advances
StatusPublished - jun.-2024


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