Cross-Cultural Insights from Two Global Mental Health Studies: Self-Enhancement and Ingroup Biases

Yasuhiro Kotera*, Amy Ronaldson, Daniel Hayes, Holly Hunter-Brown, Merly McPhilbin, Danielle Dunnett, Tesnime Jebara, Simran Takhi, Takahiko Masuda, Elizabeth Camacho, Ioannis Bakolis, Julie Repper, Sara Meddings, Vicky Stergiopoulos, Lisa Brophy, Clara De Ruysscher, Michail Okoliyski, Petra Kubinová, Lene Eplov, Charlotte ToernesDagmar Narusson, Aurélie Tinland, Bernd Puschner, Ramona Hiltensperger, Fabio Lucchi, Yuki Miyamoto, Stynke Castelein, Marit Borg, Trude Gøril Klevan, Roger Tan Boon Meng, Chatdanai Sornchai, Kruawon Tiengtom, Marianne Farkas, Hannah Moreland Jones, Edith Moore, Ann Butler, Richard Mpango, Samson Tse, Zsuzsa Kondor, Michael Ryan, Gianfranco Zuaboni, Dan Elton, Jason Grant-Rowles, Rebecca McNaughton, Claire Harcla, Wouter Vanderplasschen, Simone Arbour, Denise Silverstone, Ulrika Bejerholm, Candice Powell, Susana Ochoa, Mar Garcia-Franco, Jonna Tolonen, Caroline Yeo, Ashleigh Charles, Jessica Jepps, Adelabu Simpson, Vanessa Kellermann, Olamide Todowede, Laura Asher, Michio Murakami, Liza Hopkins, Ngurzoi Jahau, Naoko Arakawa, Elisabetta Scanferla, Claire Henderson, Mike Slade

*Corresponding author voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

1 Citaat (Scopus)
7 Downloads (Pure)


This commentary highlights two cross-cultural issues identified from our global mental health (GMH) research, RECOLLECT (Recovery Colleges Characterisation and Testing) 2: self-enhancement and ingroup biases. Self-enhancement is a tendency to maintain and express unrealistically positive self-views. Ingroup biases are differences in one’s evaluation of others belonging to the same social group. These biases are discussed in the context of GMH research using self-report measures across cultures. GMH, a field evolving since its Lancet series introduction in 2007, aims to advance mental health equity and human rights. Despite a 16.5-fold increase in annual GMH studies from 2007 to 2016, cross-cultural understanding remains underdeveloped. We discuss the impact of individualism versus collectivism on self-enhancement and ingroup biases. GMH research using concepts, outcomes, and methods aligned with individualism may give advantages to people and services oriented to individualism. GMH research needs to address these biases arising from cross-cultural differences to achieve its aim.

Originele taal-2English
Tijdschrift International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 8-mei-2024


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