Crotamine/siRNA Nanocomplexes for Functional Downregulation of Syndecan-1 in Renal Proximal Tubular Epithelial Cells

Joana D’Arc Campeiro, Wendy A. Dam, Mirian A.F. Hayashi*, Jacob van den Born*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

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Proteinuria drives progressive tubulointerstitial fibrosis in native and transplanted kidneys, mainly through the activation of proximal tubular epithelial cells (PTECs). During proteinuria, PTEC syndecan-1 functions as a docking platform for properdin-mediated alternative complement activation. Non-viral gene delivery vectors to target PTEC syndecan-1 could be useful to slow down alternative complement activation. In this work, we characterize a PTEC-specific non-viral delivery vector composed of the cell-penetrating peptide crotamine complexed with a syndecan-1 targeting siRNA. Cell biological characterization was performed in the human PTEC HK2 cell line, using confocal microscopy, qRT-PCR, and flow cytometry. PTEC targeting in vivo was carried out in healthy mice. Crotamine/siRNA nanocomplexes are positively charged, about 100 nm in size, resistant to nuclease degradation, and showed in vitro and in vivo specificity and internalization into PTECs. The efficient suppression of syndecan-1 expression in PTECs mediated by these nanocomplexes significantly reduced properdin binding (p < 0.001), as well as the subsequent complement activation by the alternative complement pathway (p < 0.001), as observed in either normal or activated tubular conditions. To conclude, crotamine/siRNA-mediated downregulation of PTEC syndecan-1 reduced the activation of the alternative complement pathway. Therefore, we suggest that the present strategy opens new venues for targeted proximal tubular gene therapy in renal diseases.

Originele taal-2English
Artikelnummer1576
Aantal pagina's15
TijdschriftPharmaceutics
Volume15
Nummer van het tijdschrift6
DOI's
StatusPublished - jun.-2023

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