DEGRADATION OF A SUPPORTING PROSTHESIS CAN OPTIMIZE ARTERIALIZATION OF AUTOLOGOUS VEINS

HP ZWEEP, S SATOH, B VANDERLEI, WLJ HINRICHS, J FEIJEN, CRH WILDEVUUR

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

15 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

In a previous study, we implanted autologous vein grafts in the carotid artery of rabbits supported by a compliant, biodegradable prosthesis to prevent vein wall damage due to the higher arterial pressure. We showed that such a supporting prosthesis indeed reduces damage to these vein grafts and allows for more regular and gradual arterialization than that afforded by unsupported vein grafts. To evaluate the influence of the rate of biodegradation of such a supporting prosthesis on the process of arterialization of autologous vein grafts, we implanted vein grafts supported with prostheses, which degrade within 3 weeks (group I), 6 weeks (group II), or 3 months (group III), into the carotid artery of rabbits, and then evaluated them up to 6 weeks after implantation. At 6 weeks, the group I vein grafts showed a thinner vein wall than did the adjacent artery during dilatation. In group II, the vein wall thickness and luminal diameter had completely adjusted to that of the adjacent carotid artery. The group III vein grafts showed a significantly thinner vein wall in the absence of dilatation. All supported vein grafts showed regular longitudinally oriented and, in some areas, circularly oriented cell layers, together with thin elastic laminae, which were most pronounced in group II. We conclude that a supporting, compliant prosthesis can stimulate, regulate, and optimize the arterialization of autologous vein grafts in rabbits. If the rate of degradation is carefully chosen, the radius and wall thickness of the vein graft can completely adjust to that of the adjacent artery. Such a prosthesis might therefore optimally improve the long-term patency and biologic fate of these vein grafts.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)1117-1122
Aantal pagina's6
TijdschriftAnnals of thoracic surgery
Volume56
Nummer van het tijdschrift5
StatusPublished - nov-1993

Citeer dit