Democratic Constraints and Adherence to the Classical Gold Standard

Bert S. Kramer, Petros Milionis

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We study how domestic politics affected the decisions of countries to adhere to the classical gold standard. Using a variety of econometric techniques and controlling for a wide range of economic factors, we demonstrate that political constraints were important in the decision of countries to adopt the gold standard as well as in the decision to suspend it. Specifically we find that the probability of adherence to the gold standard was ceteris paribus lower for countries in which domestic politics were organized in a more open and democratic fashion. This effect appears to be driven largely by the extent of domestic political competition and was particularly relevant for peripheral countries.
Originele taal-2English
UitgeverUniversity of Groningen
Aantal pagina's38
StatusPublished - feb-2018

Publicatie series

NaamGGDC Research Memoranda
UitgeverijGroningen Growth and Development Centre

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