Design and synthesis of visible-light-responsive azobenzene building blocks for chemical biology

Jana Volarić, Jeffrey Buter, Albert M. Schulte, Keimpe Oeds van den Berg, Eduardo Santamaría-Aranda, Wiktor Szymanski*, Ben L. Feringa

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

14 Citaten (Scopus)
135 Downloads (Pure)


Tetra-ortho-fluoro-azobenzenes are a class of photoswitches useful for the construction of visible-light-controlled molecular systems. They can be used to achieve spatio-temporal control over the properties of a chosen bioactive molecule. However, the introduction of different substituents to the tetra-fluoro-azobenzene core can significantly affect the photochemical properties of the switch and compromise biocompatibility. Herein, we explored the effect of useful substituents, such as functionalization points, attachment handles, and water-solubilizing groups, on the photochemical properties of this photochromic system. In general, all the tested fluorinated azobenzenes exhibited favorable photochemical properties, such as high photostationary state distribution and long half-lives, both in organic solvents and in water. One of the azobenzene building blocks was functionalized with a trehalose group to enable the uptake of the photoswitch into mycobacteria. Following metabolic uptake and incorporation of the trehalose-based azobenzene in the mycobacterial cell wall, we demonstrated photoswitching of the azobenzene in the isolated total lipid extract.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)14319–14333
Aantal pagina's15
TijdschriftJournal of Organic Chemistry
StatusPublished - 26-okt.-2022

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