Design of High-Performance Pyridine/Quinoline Hydrazone Photoswitches

Bernard Mravec, Šimon Budzák*, Miroslav Medved', Lukáš F. Pašteka, Chavdar Slavov, Torben Saßmannshausen, Josef Wachtveitl, Jozef Kožíšek, Lea Hegedüsová, Juraj Filo, Marek Cigáň*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

2 Citaten (Scopus)


The design of P-type photoswitches with thermal stability of the metastable form of hundreds of years that would efficiently transform using excitation wavelengths above 350 nm remains a challenge in the field of photochromism. In this regard, we designed and synthesized an extended set of 13 pyridine/quinoline hydrazones and systematically investigated the structure-property relationships, defining their kinetic and photoswitching parameters. We show that the operational wavelengths of the pyridine hydrazone structural motif can be effectively shifted toward the visible region without simultaneous loss of their high thermal stability. Furthermore, we characterized the ground-state and excited-state potential energy surfaces with quantum-chemical calculations and ultrafast transient absorption spectroscopy, which allowed us to rationalize both the thermal and photochemical reaction mechanisms of the designed hydrazones. Whereas introducing an electron-withdrawing pyridyl moiety in benzoylpyridine hydrazones leads to thermal stabilities exceeding 200 years, extended π-conjugation in naphthoylquinoline hydrazones pushes the absorption maxima toward the visible spectral region. In either case, the compounds retain highly efficient photoswitching characteristics. Our findings open a route to the rational design of a new family of hydrazone-based P-type photoswitches with high application potential in photonics or photopharmacology.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)11633-11646
Aantal pagina's14
TijdschriftJournal of Organic Chemistry
Nummer van het tijdschrift17
StatusPublished - 3-sep.-2021
Extern gepubliceerdJa

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