Detection of NTRK Fusions and TRK Expression and Performance of pan-TRK Immunohistochemistry in Routine Diagnostics: Results from a Nationwide Community-Based Cohort

Bart Koopman, Chantal C H J Kuijpers, Harry J M Groen, Wim Timens, Ed Schuuring, Stefan M Willems, Léon C van Kempen*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

4 Citaten (Scopus)
77 Downloads (Pure)


Gene fusions involving NTRK1, NTRK2, and NTRK3 are rare drivers of cancer that can be targeted with histology-agnostic inhibitors. This study aimed to determine the nationwide landscape of NTRK/TRK testing in the Netherlands and the usage of pan-TRK immunohistochemistry (IHC) as a preselection tool to detect NTRK fusions. All pathology reports in 2017-2020 containing the search term 'TRK' were retrieved from the Dutch Pathology Registry (PALGA). Patient characteristics, tumor histology, NTRK/TRK testing methods, and reported results were extracted. NTRK/TRK testing was reported for 7457 tumors. Absolute testing rates increased from 815 (2017) to 3380 (2020). Tumors were tested with DNA/RNA-based molecular assay(s) (48%), IHC (47%), or in combination (5%). A total of 69 fusions involving NTRK1 (n = 22), NTRK2 (n = 6) and NTRK3 (n = 41) were identified in tumors from adult (n = 51) and pediatric (n = 18) patients. In patients tested with both IHC and a molecular assay (n = 327, of which 29 NTRK fusion-positive), pan-TRK IHC had a sensitivity of 77% (95% confidence interval (CI), 56-91) and a specificity of 84% (95% CI, 78-88%). These results showed that pan-TRK IHC has a low sensitivity in current routine practice and warrants the introduction of quality guidelines regarding the implementation and interpretation of pan-TRK IHC.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)1-15
Aantal pagina's15
Nummer van het tijdschrift3
StatusPublished - 9-mrt.-2022

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