Development of postural control in typically developing children and children with cerebral palsy: Possibilities for intervention?

Victorine B. de Graaf-Peters, Cornill H. Blauw-Hospers, Tineke Dirks, Hanneke Bakker, Arie F. Bos, Mijna Hadders-Algra*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

78 Citaten (Scopus)


The basic level of postural control is functionally active from early infancy onwards: young infants possess a repertoire of direction-specific postural adjustments. Whether or not direction-specific adjustments are used depends on the child's age and the nature of the postural task. The second level of control emerges after 3 months: children start to develop the capacity to adapt postural activity to environmental constraints. But the adult form of postural adaptation first emerges after adolescence.

Children with cerebral palsy (CP) in general have the ability to generate direction-specific adjustments, but they show a delayed development in the capacity to recruit direction-specific adjustments in tasks with a mild postural challenge. Children with CP virtually always have difficulties in the adaptation of direction-specific activity.

The limited data available on the effect of intervention on postural development suggest that intervention involving active trial and error experience may accelerate postural development in typically developing infants and may improve postural control in children with or at high risk for a developmental motor disorder. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)1191-1200
Aantal pagina's10
TijdschriftNeuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Nummer van het tijdschrift8
StatusPublished - 2007

Citeer dit