Development of recombinant collagen-peptide-based vehicles for delivery of adipose-derived stromal cells

Mojtaba Parvizi, Josee A. Plantinga, Carolina A. F. M. van Speuwel-Goossens, Elisabeth M. W. M. van Dongen, Sebastiaan G. J. M. Kluijtmans, Martin C. Harmsen*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

20 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Stem cell therapy is a promising approach for repair, remodeling and even regenerate tissue of otherwise irreparable damage, such as after myocardial infarction (aMI). A severe limitation of cardiac stem cell therapy is the generally poor retention of administered cells in the target tissue. In tissue repair the main mode of action of adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSC) is the production of various growth factors, cytokines, anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic factors that together augment repair, remodeling, and regeneration. In this experiment, we used recombinant collagen peptide (RCP) with additional integrin-binding motives and different crosslinkers. Formulated as 50-100 mu m microspheres with bound ADSC, we hypothesized that this would improve ADSC retention and function. Crosslinking was performed with chemical crosslinkers (EDC and HMDIC) at high and low concentrations or by thermal treatment (DHT). ADSC adhesion, proliferation, apoptosis/necrosis, and gene expressions in two-dimensional and three-dimensional were analyzed. In addition, the effect of ADSC conditioned medium (ADSC-CM) on proapoptotic/sprouting HUVEC was examined. Our results show that all materials support cell adhesion in short time point, however, EDC-High crosslinker induced ADSC apoptosis/necrosis. Gene expression results revealed lower expression of proinflammatory genes in chemical crosslinked materials, despite EDC-High the proinflammatory genes expressions were similar or higher than TCPS. In addition, cultured ADSC on DHT crosslinked RCP showed a proinflammatory phenotype compared to TCPS. Sprouting assay results confirmed the protective effect of ADSC-CM derived from TCPS and HMDIC-High crosslinked RCP proapoptotic HUVEC. We conclude that ADSC adhere to the materials and maintain their therapeutic profile. (c) 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)503-516
Aantal pagina's14
TijdschriftJournal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
Volume104
Nummer van het tijdschrift2
DOI's
StatusPublished - feb-2016

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