Developments and strategies for inhaled antibiotic drugs in tuberculosis therapy: A critical evaluation

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

53 Citaten (Scopus)


Inhaled antibiotics have been a valuable tool in treating pulmonary infections in cystic fibrosis patients for decades, and the pulmonary route is now becoming increasingly interesting for other infectious diseases like tuberculosis too. Especially with multidrug and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis emerging, great effort is put into the improvement of pulmonary antibiotic administration to fight this global threat. Several reviews have been written on inhalable antibiotics, giving clear overviews of the compounds of interest. Furthermore, various formulation studies and administration strategies are on-going with these compounds. What is often missing is a critical evaluation of these developments. Several risks may be involved varying from obtaining insufficient local drug concentrations to adverse side effects and unwanted changes in physiological processes from the excipients used. In this manuscript, the pros and cons and feasibility of recent advances in pulmonary antibiotic tuberculosis therapy are presented and critically evaluated. Furthermore, the advantages of dry powder inhalation over wet nebulisation for inhaled antibiotics in developing countries where prevalence of tuberculosis is highest are discussed. It has to be concluded that a greater effort in good inhaler development and more research in the physicochemical properties of the compounds of interest are needed. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)23-30
Aantal pagina's8
TijdschriftEuropean Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
StatusPublished - 1-jan.-2014


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