Diet quality, food intake and incident adult-onset asthma: a Lifelines Cohort Study

Edith Visser*, Kim de Jong, Janneke J S Pepels, Huib A M Kerstjens, Anneke Ten Brinke, Tim van Zutphen

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

4 Citaten (Scopus)
15 Downloads (Pure)


PURPOSE: Dietary factors have been suggested as drivers of the rising prevalence of adult-onset asthma, but evidence is inconclusive, possibly due to the complex interrelation with obesity. We aim to explore the relation of diet quality and food intake with incident adult-onset asthma in normal weight and overweight adults of the prospective population-based Lifelines Cohort Study.

METHODS: Incident adult-onset asthma was defined as self-reported asthma at ± 4-year follow-up, in adults free of airway disease at baseline. Diet quality scores and food group intake were assessed at baseline. Log-binomial regression analyses were used to estimate adjusted relative risks (RR) between dietary intake (per portion) and incident adult-onset asthma, in categories of BMI (cutoff: 25 kg/m 2).

RESULTS: 477 incident asthma cases (75% female, 62% overweight) and 34,698 controls (60% female, 53% overweight) were identified. Diet quality-assessed by the Lifelines Diet Score and Mediterranean Diet Score-was not associated with incident adult-onset asthma in the two BMI groups. Although the dietary intake of several food groups differed between cases and controls, after adjustment for confounders only few remained associated with adult-onset asthma, including red and processed meat (RR: 0.93 per 15 g intake; 95% CI 0.86-0.99) in the normal weight group and intake of cheese (RR 1.09 per 20 g intake; 95% CI 1.00-1.17) and vegetables (RR 1.10 per 50 g intake; 95% CI 1.00-1.21) in the overweight group.

CONCLUSION: The results of this study question the role of food as a 'simple' predictor of adult-onset asthma and call for an integrative approach, including a range of modifiable lifestyle factors and further asthma phenotyping.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)1635-1645
Aantal pagina's11
TijdschriftEuropean Journal of Nutrition
Nummer van het tijdschrift4
StatusPublished - jun.-2023

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