Dietary plant sterols accumulate in the brain

PJ Jansen*, D Lutjohann, K Abildayeva, T Vanmierlo, T Plosch, J Plat, K von Bergmann, AK Groen, FCS Ramaekers, F Kuipers, M Mulder

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

72 Citaten (Scopus)


Dietary plant sterols and cholesterol have a comparable chemical structure. It is generally assumed that cholesterol and plant sterols do not cross the blood-brain barrier, but quantitative data are lacking. Here, we report that mice deficient for ATP-binding cassette transporter G5 (Abcg5) or Abcg8, with strongly elevated serum plant sterol levels, display dramatically increased (7- to 16-fold) plant sterol levels in the brain. Apolipoprotein E (ApoE)-deficient mice also displayed elevated serum plant sterol levels, which was however not associated with significant changes in brain plant sterol levels. Abcg5- and Abeg8-deficient mice were found to carry circulating plant sterols predominantly in high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-particles, whereas ApoE-deficient mice accommodated most of their serum plant sterols in very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL)-particles. This suggests an important role for HDL and/or ApoE in the transfer of plant sterols into the brain. Moreover, sitosterol upregulated apoE mRNA and protein levels in astrocytoma, but not in neuroblastoma cells, to a higher extend than cholesterol. In conclusion, dietary plant sterols pass the blood-brain barrier and accumulate in the brain, where they may exert brain cell type-specific effects. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)445-453
Aantal pagina's9
TijdschriftBiochimica et biophysica acta-Molecular and cell biology of lipids
Nummer van het tijdschrift4
StatusPublished - apr-2006

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