Different Recurrence Pattern After Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy Compared to Surgery Alone in Esophageal Cancer Patients

Justin K. Smit*, Sahin Guler, Jannet C. Beukema, Veronique E. Mul, Johannes G. M. Burgerhof, Geke A. P. Hospers, John Th. M. Plukker

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

31 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

To evaluate the rate and pattern of recurrences after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in esophageal cancer patients.

We described survival and differences in recurrences from a single center between neoadjuvant CRT (carboplatin/paclitaxel and 41.4 Gy) and surgery alone for the period 2000-2011. To reduce bias, we performed a propensity score matched analysis.

A total of 204 patients were analyzed, 75 treated with neoadjuvant CRT and 129 with surgery alone. The pathologic response to neoadjuvant CRT was 69 % with a complete response rate of 25 %. After matching, baseline characteristics between the groups (both n = 75) were equally distributed. The 3- and 5-year disease-free survival was 53 and 42 % in the neoadjuvant CRT group compared with 24 and 18 % in the surgery-alone group (P = 0.011). After 3 and 5 years' CRT, patients had an estimated locoregional recurrence-free survival of 83 and 73 % compared with 52 and 49 % in the surgery-alone group (P = 0.015). The distant recurrence-free survival was comparable in both groups. Locoregional recurrences were located less in the paraesophageal lymph nodes in the CRT group than in the surgery-alone group, 9 versus 21 %, respectively (P = 0.041). With respect to differences in distant recurrences, we observed more skeletal recurrences in the surgery-alone group compared to CRT, 12 versus 1 % (P = 0.009).

The neoadjuvant CRT regimen we used offers a significant improvement in outcome, with a different recurrence pattern compared with surgery alone. This effect is probably due to both the pathologic complete response and eradication of micrometastases in CRT group.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)4008-4015
Aantal pagina's8
TijdschriftAnnals of Surgical Oncology
Volume20
Nummer van het tijdschrift12
DOI's
StatusPublished - nov-2013
EvenementGastrointestinal Cancers Symposium of the American-Society-of-Clinical-Oncology (ASCO) - , Canada
Duur: 24-jan-201326-jan-2013

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