Direct use of multivariable normal tissue complication probability models in treatment plan optimisation for individualised head and neck cancer radiotherapy produces clinically acceptable treatment plans

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28 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Recently, clinically validated multivariable normal tissue complication probability models (NTCP) for head and neck cancer (HNC) patients have become available. We test the feasibility of using multivariable NTCP-models directly in the optimiser for inverse treatment planning of radiotherapy to improve the dose distributions and corresponding NTCP-estimates in HNC patients.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: For 10 HNC cases, intensity-modulated radiotherapy plans were optimised either using objective functions based on the 'generalised equivalent uniform dose' (OFgEUD) or based on multivariable NTCP-models (OFNTCP). NTCP-models for patient-rated xerostomia, physician-rated RTOG grade II-IV dysphagia, and various patient-rated aspects of swallowing dysfunction were incorporated. The NTCP-models included dose-volume parameters as well as clinical factors contributing to a personalised optimisation process. Both optimisation techniques were compared by means of 'pseudo Pareto fronts' (target dose conformity vs. the sum of the NTCPs).

RESULTS: Both optimisation techniques resulted in clinically realistic treatment plans with only small differences. For nine patients the sum-NTCP was lower for the OFNTCP optimised plans (on average 5.7% (95%CI 1.7-9.9%, p<0.006)). Furthermore, the OFNTCP provided the advantages of fewer unknown optimisation parameters and an intrinsic mechanism of individualisation.

CONCLUSIONS: Treatment plan optimisation using multivariable NTCP-models directly in the OF is feasible as has been demonstrated for HNC radiotherapy.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)430-436
Aantal pagina's7
TijdschriftRadiotherapy and Oncology
Volume112
Nummer van het tijdschrift3
DOI's
StatusPublished - sep.-2014

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