Discovery of Pre-Treatment FDG PET/CT-Derived Radiomics-Based Models for Predicting Outcome in Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

Russell Frood*, Matthew Clark, Cathy Burton, Charalampos Tsoumpas, Alejandro F. Frangi, Fergus Gleeson, Chirag Patel, Andrew F. Scarsbrook

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

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Simple Summary Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common type of lymphoma. Even with the improvements in the treatment of DLBCL, around a quarter of patients will experience recurrence. The aim of this single centre retrospective study was to predict which patients would have recurrence within 2 years of their treatment using machine learning techniques based on radiomics extracted from the staging PET/CT images. Our study demonstrated that in our dataset of 229 patients (training data = 183, test data = 46) that a combined radiomic and clinical based model performed better than a simple model based on metabolic tumour volume, and that it had a good predictive ability which was maintained when tested on an unseen test set. Background: Approximately 30% of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) will have recurrence. The aim of this study was to develop a radiomic based model derived from baseline PET/CT to predict 2-year event free survival (2-EFS). Methods: Patients with DLBCL treated with R-CHOP chemotherapy undergoing pre-treatment PET/CT between January 2008 and January 2018 were included. The dataset was split into training and internal unseen test sets (ratio 80:20). A logistic regression model using metabolic tumour volume (MTV) and six different machine learning classifiers created from clinical and radiomic features derived from the baseline PET/CT were trained and tuned using four-fold cross validation. The model with the highest mean validation receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve area under the curve (AUC) was tested on the unseen test set. Results: 229 DLBCL patients met the inclusion criteria with 62 (27%) having 2-EFS events. The training cohort had 183 patients with 46 patients in the unseen test cohort. The model with the highest mean validation AUC combined clinical and radiomic features in a ridge regression model with a mean validation AUC of 0.75 +/- 0.06 and a test AUC of 0.73. Conclusions: Radiomics based models demonstrate promise in predicting outcomes in DLBCL patients.

Originele taal-2English
Artikelnummer1711
Aantal pagina's13
TijdschriftCancers
Volume14
Nummer van het tijdschrift7
DOI's
StatusPublished - apr.-2022

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