Disease Course of Primary Dupuytren Disease: 5-Year Results of a Prospective Cohort Study

Dieuwke C. Broekstra*, Rosanne Lanting, Paul M. N. Werker, Edwin R. van den Heuvel

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

Onderzoeksoutput: ArticleAcademicpeer review

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Background: Predicting progression of Dupuytren disease becomes relevant in an upcoming era with progression-preventing treatment. This study aimed to determine the course of Dupuytren disease and identify factors associated with progression. Methods: Two hundred fifty-eight patients with Dupuytren disease participated in this prospective cohort study, obtaining 17,645 observations in 5 years. Outcomes were disease extent (surface area) and contracture severity (total passive extension deficit). Demographics, lifestyle, health status, exposure to manual work, and genetic risk scores were gathered as potential predictors. Subject-specific, mixed-effects models were used to estimate disease course, and logistic regression with least absolute shrinkage and selection operator was used to evaluate factors associated with the presence of progression. Results: On average, Dupuytren disease was progressive in all finger rays with regard to area [yearly increase, 0.07 cm(2) (95% CI, 0.02 to 0.13 cm(2)) to 0.25 cm(2) (95% CI, 0.11 to 0.39 cm(2))]. Progression in total passive extension deficit was only present on the small finger side [yearly increase, 1.75 degrees (95% CI, 0.30 to 3.20 degrees) to 6.25 degrees (95% CI, 2.81 to 9.69 degrees)]. Stability or regression in area and total passive extension deficit was observed in 11 and 13 percent and 16 and 15 percent (dominant and nondominant hands), respectively. Smoking, cancer, genetic risk score, and hand injury were univariate associated with progression in area, but after multivariate variable selection, none of these associations remained. No predictors for progression in total passive extension deficit were found. Conclusions: Dupuytren disease is progressive, especially with respect to disease extent. Progression in contracture severity is mainly present on the small finger side of the hand. None of the traditional risk and diathesis factors were associated with progression, indicating that new hypotheses about Dupuytren disease progression might be needed.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)1371-1378
Aantal pagina's8
TijdschriftPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Nummer van het tijdschrift6
StatusPublished - 1-jun.-2022

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