The aim of this study is to explore whether different coping strategies are able to mediate the association between Type D personality and quality of life. We collected information from 156 consecutive patients (response rate: 72.9%; 75.0% women; median age: 40 +/- 3years). Patients completed the Type D Scale-14, the Coping Self-Efficacy Scale and the Short-Form Health Survey for measuring physical and mental quality of life. The mediating effect of coping was analysed using correlations, linear regressions and the Sobel z-test. In the mental quality of life, all three studied coping strategies mediated the association between Type D personality and quality of life.