Do we drop the ball when we measure ball skills using standardized motor performance tests?

B.C.M. Smits-Engelsman*, Dorothee Jelsma, Dané Coetzee

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

Onderzoeksoutput: ArticleAcademicpeer review

1 Citaat (Scopus)
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Background. Ball skill performance changes over time during childhood and
depends on the child’s physical and psychological characteristics, environmental
opportunities, and task constraints.
Aim. To examine whether different standardized ball skill-items measure similar
constructs and whether results differentiate among age groups.
Methods. 250 children (6-10years) were administered the Movement Assessment Battery for children 2nd edition (MABC-2), the subtest upper-limb coordination of the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency 2nd edition (BOT-2), tennis ball throw of the Fitness Test Battery (FTB) and ball skills and overhead-throw of the Performance and Fitness test (PERF-FIT).
Results. Correlations between scores of BOT-2, FTB and PERF-FIT ranged from
fair to moderate, but correlations were low with the MABC-2. Principal
component analysis retrieved three components: the first component contained
catch, dribble, bounce and throw items (MABC-2, BOT-2-SF, PERF-FIT,
respectively); the 2nd contained throwing for distance (PERF-FIT and FTB); the
third aiming (MABC-2). Most ball skills scores differed significantly between 6-
7 and 7-8 years, less between 8-9 years; the PERF-FIT discriminated best
between age groups.
Conclusion. Most ball skill-items in motor tests exist of a comparable construct
of throw, dribble, bounce and catch. Aiming tasks belong to a separate category.
Throwing for distance forms a different construct that needs explosive power
Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's13
TijdschriftApplied neuropsychology. Child
Nummer van het tijdschrift3
StatusPublished - 6-mrt.-2022

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