Dry powder inhalation, part 1: Ancient history and precursors to modern dry powder inhalers

Anne Haaije de Boer, Paul Hagedoorn, Floris Grasmeijer*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

Onderzoeksoutputpeer review

1 Citaat (Scopus)
10 Downloads (Pure)


Introduction: Inhalation of herbs and other compounds has a long history but habits for medical treatment are intertwined with rituals to obtain hallucinatory effects and pleasurable sensations. Several examples of inhaled herbs, and the diseases they were used for, based on early translations of ancient manuscripts related to inhalation were found to be speculative and inconsistent with each other in literature. They needed to be reconsidered and verified with the original sources of information. Areas covered: Examples of ancient inhalation and the development of early dry powder inhalers up to and including the first half of the twentieth century. Databases used for literature about historic events, ancient habits, and ancient science, included SmartCat, JSTOR, and ANDAT; various facts were verified via personal communication with historians and custodians of historic manuscripts and artifacts. Expert opinion: Inhalation does not necessarily require active creation of inhalable aerosols, smokes or fumes. Inhaling ‘healthy air’ with volatile and gaseous components, or fine aerosols in pine forests, on volcano slopes and at the seaside must be considered as inhalation therapy too. From this viewpoint, inhalation therapy may have been much more common and widespread and have a longer history than is currently known from written evidence.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)1033-1044
Aantal pagina's12
TijdschriftExpert Opinion on Drug Delivery
Nummer van het tijdschrift9
StatusPublished - 2022

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