Economic development and converging household carbon footprints in China

Zhifu Mi*, Jiali Zheng, Jing Meng, Jiamin Ou, Klaus Hubacek, Zhu Liu, D'Maris Coffman, Nicholas Stern, Sai Liang, Yi-Ming Wei

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

    OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

    27 Citaten (Scopus)

    Samenvatting

    There are substantial differences in carbon footprints across households. This study applied an environmentally extended multiregional input–output approach to estimate household carbon footprints for 12 different income groups of China’s 30 regions. Subsequently, carbon footprint Gini coefficients were calculated to measure carbon inequality for households across provinces. We found that the top 5% of income earners were responsible for 17% of the national household carbon footprint in 2012, while the bottom half of income earners caused only 25%. Carbon inequality declined with economic growth in China across space and time in two ways: first, carbon footprints showed greater convergence in the wealthier coastal regions than in the poorer inland regions; second, China’s national carbon footprint Gini coefficients declined from 0.44 in 2007 to 0.37 in 2012. We argue that economic growth not only increases income levels but also contributes to an overall reduction in carbon inequality in China.

    Originele taal-2English
    Pagina's (van-tot)529–537
    Aantal pagina's12
    TijdschriftNature sustainability
    Volume3
    Nummer van het tijdschrift7
    Vroegere onlinedatum30-mrt-2020
    DOI's
    StatusPublished - jul-2020

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