A patient with an acute neurological deficit: is it really an ischemic stroke?
When a patient presents with acute neurological deficit, ischemic stroke is often assumed. However, a functional neurological disorder (FND) can also present with stroke-like symptoms. FND is a multifactorial condition to which biological, psychological and social factors predispose. The distinction between FND and acute ischemic stroke can be challenging, but is very important because fast reperfusion treatment is indicated for ischemic stroke. We show the specific features of FND in history and neurologic examination to pay attention to. Furthermore, we discuss the use of additional investigation to support the diagnosis. We describe two patients with an acute neurological deficit: a 34-year-old male with hemiparesis and speech disturbances due to FND, and a 51-year-old male with hemiparesis and hemi-ataxia due to ischemic stroke. These 2 patients demonstrate how challenging the distinction between FND and stroke may be.

Conflict of interest and financial support: potential conflicts of interest have been reported for this article. ICMJE forms provided by the authors are available online along with the full text of this article.
Vertaalde titel van de bijdrageA patient with an acute neurological deficit: is it really an ischemic stroke?
Originele taal-2Dutch
Aantal pagina's5
TijdschriftNederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde
Nummer van het tijdschrift49
StatusPublished - 2-dec.-2021

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