Effect of fatigue on landing performance assessed with the landing error scoring system (less) in patients after ACL reconstruction. A pilot study

A Gokeler, P Eppinga, P U Dijkstra, Wouter Welling, D A Padua, E. Otten, A Benjaminse

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review


BACKGROUND: Fatigue has been shown to affect performance of hop tests in patients after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) compared to uninjured controls (CTRL). This may render the hop test less sensitive in detecting landing errors. The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of lower extremity fatigue on landing performance assessed with the Landing Error Scoring System (LESS) in patients after ACLR compared to a CTRL group. It is plausible that fatigue would have an effect on confidence and risk appraisal in the ACLR group. The secondary purpose was to determine the relationship between psychological responses and LESS scores after fatigue.

METHODS: Twelve patients following ACLR (6 males, 6 females) who were tested at 10 ± 2.4 months after surgery participated in the current study and were compared to 10 subjects in the control group (5 males, 5 females). Subjects performed a jump-landing task and the landing was assessed using the Landing Error Scoring System (LESS) both before and after fatigue. Digital video camcorders recorded frontal and sagittal plane views of the subject performing the task. The LESS was scored using video replay. Psychological responses in the ACLR group were assessed with the ACL-RSI questionnaire.

RESULTS: Patients after ACLR had a median LESS of 6.5 which reflects a poor result (LESS >6) in the pre-fatigue condition compared to controls who had a LESS of 2.5 which is considered excellent (≤4). In the post-fatigue condition, median LESS in patients after ACLR increased to 7.0 whereas in the control group the LESS increased to 6.0 both of which reflect a poor result. The median increase in LESS was larger in the control (2.0) group compared to patients after ACLR (1.0) but the difference was not significant (p=0.165).

CONCLUSIONS: Patients after ACLR have higher LESS scores at baseline compared to a control group. Fatigue resulted in an increase in scores on the LESS in both groups.


Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)302-311
Aantal pagina's10
TijdschriftJournal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy
Nummer van het tijdschrift3
StatusPublished - mei-2014

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