Effect of high in comparison to low dairy intake intervention on markers of bone and cartilage remodeling and phosphate metabolism in healthy adults with overweight

Amarens van der Vaart*, Coby Eelderink, Ellen G H M van den Heuvel, Anouk L Feitsma, Peter R van Dijk, Martin H de Borst, Stephan J L Bakker

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review


BACKGROUND: In the ageing population, issues with bone and joint health are highly prevalent. Both beneficial and potential risks of dairy products on bone and joint health are reported in epidemiological studies. Furthermore, the phosphorus (P) load from dairy could potentially lead to unfavorable changes in P metabolism.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of dairy intake on markers of bone and joint metabolism and P metabolism in an intervention study with high and low dairy intake.

METHODS: In a post hoc analysis of a randomized cross-over trial with overweight adults, the effect of a standardized high dairy intake [HDI (5-6 dairy portions per day) versus low dairy intake (LDI, ≤ 1 dairy portion/day)] for 6 weeks on markers of bone and joint health was assessed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays and electrochemiluminescence immunoassays. Markers indicative for cartilage breakdown, including urinary CTX-II, serum COMP and 4-hydroxyproline, and markers indicative for bone remodeling, such as serum CTX-I, PTH, 25(OH)D, osteocalcin, P1NP and FGF23, were investigated using linear mixed models. Furthermore, changes in P metabolism, including the main phosphate-regulating hormone FGF23 were explored.

RESULTS: This study was completed by 46 adults (57% female, age 59 ± 4 years, BMI 28 ± 2 kg/m 2). Following HDI, markers such as urinary CTX-II excretion, COMP, 25(OH)D, PTH and CTX-I were significantly lower after HDI, as compared to LDI. For example, CTX-II excretion was 1688 ng/24 h at HDI, while it was 2050 ng/24 h at LDI (p < 0.001). Concurrently, P intake was higher at HDI than at LDI (2090 vs 1313 mg/day, p < 0.001). While plasma P levels did not differ (1.03 vs 1.04 mmol/L in LDI, p = 0.36), urinary P excretion was higher at HDI than at LDI (31 vs 28 mmol/L, p = 0.04). FGF23 levels tended to be higher at HDI than at LDI (76.3 vs. 72.9 RU/mL, p = 0.07).

CONCLUSIONS: HDI, as compared to LDI, reduced markers that are indicative for joint and bone resorption and bone turnover. No changes in P metabolism were observed.

CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRY: This trial was registered at https://trialsearch.who.int/Trial2.aspx?TrialID=NTR4899 as NTR4899.

Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's8
TijdschriftEuropean Journal of Nutrition
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 6-jan.-2024

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