Effect of shared care on blood pressure in patients with chronic kidney disease: A cluster randomised controlled trial

Nynke D. Scherpbier-de Haan*, Gerald M.M. Vervoort, Chrisvan Weel, Jozé C.C. Braspenning, Jan Mulder, Jack F.M. Wetzels, Wim J.C. De Grauw

*Corresponding author voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

30 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is highly prevalent in patients with diabetes or hypertension in primary care. A shared care model could improve quality of care in these patients Aim: To assess the effect of a shared care model in managing patients with CKD who also have diabetes or hypertension. Design and setting: A cluster randomised controlled trial in nine general practices in The Netherlands. Method: Five practices were allocated to the shared care model and four practices to usual care for 1 year. Primary outcome was the achievement of blood pressure targets (130/80 mmHg) and lowering of blood pressure in patients with diabetes mellitus or hypertension and an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)<60ml/min/1.73m2. Results Data of 90 intervention and 74 control patients could be analysed. Blood pressure in the intervention group decreased with 8.1 (95% CI = 4.8 to 11.3)/1.1 (95% CI = -1.0 to 3.2) compared to -0.2 (95% CI = -3.8 to 3.3)/-0.5 (95% CI = -2.9 to 1.8) in the control group. Use of lipid-lowering drugs, angiotensin-system inhibitors and vitamin D was higher in the intervention group than in the control group (73% versus 51%, 81% versus 64%, and 15% versus 1%, respectively, [P = 0.004, P = 0.01, and P = 0.002]). Conclusion: A shared care model between GP, nurse practitioner and nephrologist is beneficial in reducing systolic blood pressure in patients with CKD in primary care.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)e798-e806
TijdschriftBritish Journal of General Practice
Volume63
Nummer van het tijdschrift617
DOI's
StatusPublished - dec.-2013
Extern gepubliceerdJa

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