Effectiveness and feasibility of We12BFit! improving physical fitness and lifestyle physical activity in children with developmental coordination disorder in a paediatric rehabilitation setting-a small sample field study

Petra Braaksma, Ilse Stuive, Dorothee Jelsma, Corry K Van der Sluis, Rienk Dekker, Marina M Schoemaker*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

Onderzoeksoutput: ArticleAcademicpeer review

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OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness and feasibility of We12BFit!, a family-focused intervention aimed at increasing physical fitness (PF) and motivation for physical activity (PA) in 7-year-old to 12-year-old children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD).

DESIGN: A single-arm mixed methods small sample field study.

SETTING: Rehabilitation centres and schools for special education in The Netherlands.

PARTICIPANTS: Twenty children with DCD diagnosis.

INTERVENTIONS: We12BFit! consists of We12BFit!-PF and We12BFit!-Lifestyle PA. During We12BFit!-PF, cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), muscle strength and anaerobic power were trained in small groups (10 weeks 2*60 min/week). We12Bfit!-Lifestyle PA, which addresses motivation for PA in children and parents, was added in week 6 of We12BFit!-PF and ended 12 weeks after We12BFit!-PF.

OUTCOME MEASURES: The 20-Metre Shuttle Run Test (20mSRT), Muscle Power Sprint Test and Hand Held Dynamometry were performed before and after We12BFit!-PF and after We12BFit!-Lifestyle PA (T0-T1-T2). Parents and coaches were interviewed and trainers participated in a focus group to assess motivation for PA, perceived effectiveness, and feasibility of the intervention.

RESULTS: Attendance rates of participants were 88% (We12BFit!-PF) and 89% (We12BFit!-Lifestyle PA). From T0 to T1, significant improvements were found in VO2peak, number of runs on the 20mSRT and mean anaerobic power. From T1 to T2, improvements were maintained. No changes were found after We12BFit!-Lifestyle PA in time spent on moderate to vigorous activity and metabolic equivalent of task; parents observed their child improved in qualitative aspects of activities and participation. Feasibility of We12Bfit! was confirmed, although some adaptations were recommended.

CONCLUSIONS: We12BFit! resulted in significant improvements and maintenance of CRF and anaerobic power in a small group of children with DCD and seemed to improve motivation for PA. The group aspect of We12BFit!-PF, the high intensity and positive motivational climate of We12BFit!-PF may have improved children's self-efficacy. We12BFit! seems feasible to improve PF and PA in children with DCD.


Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)1-31
Aantal pagina's31
TijdschriftBMJ Open
Nummer van het tijdschrift4
StatusPublished - 4-apr.-2022

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