Effectiveness of a vitamin D regimen in deficient multiple myeloma patients and its effect on peripheral neuropathy

Berdien E Oortgiesen, Marloes Dekens, Ruud Stapel, Abdulrazzaq Alheraky, Pauline de Keizer Dannenberg, Claire Siemes, Frank G A Jansman, Robby E Kibbelaar, Nic J G M Veeger, Mels Hoogendoorn, Eric N van Roon*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

2 Citaten (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)


PURPOSE: Peripheral neuropathy (PN) is common in multiple myeloma (MM) patients. More insight has been gained concerning the role of vitamin D in preventing PN. However, studies evaluating the effects of vitamin D3 supplementation on PN are lacking. The aims of this study are to (1) evaluate the effectiveness of a vitamin D3 regimen on achieving adequate vitamin D levels in deficient MM patients and to (2) exploratively evaluate the effect of vitamin D3 supplementation on PN.

METHODS: Thirty-nine MM patients with inadequate (< 75 nmol/L [= 30 ng/mL]) 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels were included in this multicenter, prospective, single-arm study, of whom 35 patients completed the study. They received oral vitamin D3 for 6 months according to a dose escalation regimen that consisted of one or two loading doses of 200,000 international units (IU), and maintenance doses of 800, 1600, or 3200 IU/day depending on the 25(OH)D level. A validated questionnaire was used to measure PN.

RESULTS: Median 25(OH)D increased from 38 (IQR 32-52) nmol/L at baseline to 77 (IQR 72-87) nmol/L after 6 months (P < 0.001). Adequate 25(OH)D levels were achieved by 66% of the subjects, and 34% were within the range of 50-75 nmol/L. Furthermore, in 37% of the participants, PN severity decreased (P = 0.007).

CONCLUSION: The use of substantially higher vitamin D3 doses than recommended in current guidelines resulted in a significant increase in vitamin D levels in MM patients. Furthermore, evaluation of PN showed a significant decrease in PN grading. However, this exploratory evaluation needs further confirmatory research.

Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's8
TijdschriftSupportive Care in Cancer
Nummer van het tijdschrift2
Vroegere onlinedatum26-jan.-2023
StatusPublished - mrt.-2023

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