Effectiveness of Aedes-borne infectious disease control in Latin America and the Caribbean region: A scoping review

Vaitiare Mulderij-Jansen*, Prachi Pundir, Maria E. Grillet, Theophilus Lakiang, Izzy Gerstenbluth, Ashley Duits, Adriana Tami, Ajay Bailey

*Corresponding author voor dit werk

Onderzoeksoutputpeer review

6 Citaten (Scopus)
167 Downloads (Pure)

Samenvatting

BACKGROUND: Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus are primary vectors of emerging or re-emerging arboviruses that threaten public health worldwide. Many efforts have been made to develop interventions to control these Aedes species populations. Still, countries in the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region struggle to create/design/develop sustainable and effective control strategies. This scoping review synthesises evidence concerning the effectiveness of Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus prevention and control interventions performed in LAC (2000-2021). The findings can be used to evaluate, compare and develop more effective control strategies.

METHODOLOGY: The review is based on the methodology by Joanna Briggs Institute for conducting a scoping review. The MEDLINE (via PubMed and Web of Science), Cochrane Library, Scopus, EMBASE and ScienceDirect databases were used to search for articles. Grey literature was searched from governmental and non-governmental organisation websites. Four reviewers independently screened all titles and abstracts and full-text of the articles using the Rayyan web application, based on pre-defined eligibility criteria.

RESULTS: A total of 122 publications were included in the review. Most studies focused on dengue virus infection and data on Ae. aegypti. Entomological data were mainly used to determine the intervention's effectiveness. An integrated control intervention was the most commonly employed strategy in both regions. Biological control measures, environmental management, and health education campaigns on community participation achieved more sustainable results than an intervention where only a chemical control measure was used. Challenges to implementing interventions were insufficient financial support, resources, workforce, intersectoral collaboration and legislation.

CONCLUSIONS: Based on the synthesised data, an integrated vector (Aedes) management focused on community participation seems to be the most effective approach to mitigate Aedes-borne infectious diseases. Maintaining the approach's effect remains challenging as it requires multisectoral and multi-disciplinary team engagement and active community participation. Future research needs to address the barriers to program implementation and maintenance as data on this topic is lacking.

Originele taal-2English
Artikelnummere0277038
Aantal pagina's28
TijdschriftPLoS ONE
Volume17
Nummer van het tijdschrift11
DOI's
StatusPublished - nov.-2022

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