Effects of angiotensin II and angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockade on neointimal formation after stent implantation

Hendrik C. Groenewegen*, Pim van der Harst, Anton J. M. Roks, Hendrik Buikema, Felix Zijlstra, Wiek H. van Gilst, Bart J. G. L. de Smet

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

6 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Background: To evaluate the effect of supraphysiological levels of angiotensin II and selective angiotensin II type 1 receptor ( AT1-receptor) blockade on neointimal formation and systemic endothelial function after stent implantation in the rat abdominal aorta.

Methods: Male Wistar rats were randomized to one of three groups; control (n = 8), angiotensin II infusion (n = 9, 200 ng/kg/min), or candesartan cilexetil (n = 8, AT1-receptor blocker; rats received 14.4 mg kg(-1) day(-1)). Stents were implanted in the abdominal aorta. Histological analyses were performed at 4 weeks. Endothelial function was determined in isolated thoracic aortic rings.

Results: Neointimal area was increased in the angiotensin II treated group versus the control group, 0.88 mm(2) +/- 0.21 versus 0.66 mm(2) +/- 0.16 (P <0.05). Neointimal thickness was 171 mu m +/- 44 in angiotensin II treated animals and 120 mu m +/- 25 in the control group (P <0.05). In addition, endothelial function was attenuated in angiotensin II treated animals (P = 0.01). Candesartan cilexetil treatment did not result in reduction of neointimal area and did not reduce neointimal thickness compared to the control group. Candesartan had no effect on endothelial function.

Conclusions: Supraphysiological levels of angiotensin II aggravates neointimal formation in the stented rat abdominal aorta, and in parallel decreases endothelial function. AT1-receptor blockade does not reduce neointimal formation in rats without supraphysiological angiotensin II levels. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)209-215
Aantal pagina's7
TijdschriftInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume126
Nummer van het tijdschrift2
DOI's
StatusPublished - 23-mei-2008

Citeer dit