To study the effects of the control temperature, ablation time, and the background tissue surrounding the tumor on the size of the ablation zone on radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of osteoid osteoma (OO). Finite element models of non-cooled temperature-controlled RFA of typical OOs were developed to determine the resulting ablation radius at control temperatures of 70, 80, and 90 degrees C. Three different geometries were used, mimicking common cases of OO. The ablation radius was obtained by using the Arrhenius equation to determine cell viability. Ablation radii were larger for higher temperatures and also increased with time. All geometries and control temperatures tested had ablation radii larger than the tumor. The ablation radius developed rapidly in the first few minutes for all geometries and control temperatures tested, developing slowly towards the end of the ablation. Resistive heating and the temperature distribution showed differences depending on background tissue properties, resulting in differences in the ablation radius on each geometry. The ablation radius has a clear dependency not only on the properties of the tumor but also on the background tissue. Lower background tissue's electrical conductivity and blood perfusion rates seem to result in larger ablation zones. The differences observed between the different geometries suggest the need for patient-specific planning, as the anatomical variations could cause significantly different outcomes where models like the one here presented could help to guarantee safe and successful tumor ablations.
|Tijdschrift||International journal for numerical methods in biomedical engineering|
|Nummer van het tijdschrift||9|
|Status||Published - sep-2021|