Effects of Dementia Care Mapping on well-being and quality of life of older people with intellectual disability: A quasi-experimental study

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BACKGROUND: The ageing of people with intellectual disability, accompanied with consequences like dementia, challenges intellectual disability-care staff and creates a need for supporting methods, with Dementia Care Mapping (DCM) as a promising possibility. This study examined the effect of DCM on the quality of life of older people with intellectual disability.

METHODS: We performed a quasi-experimental study in 23 group homes for older people with intellectual disability in the Netherlands, comparing DCM (n = 113) with care-as-usual (CAU; n = 111). Using three measures, we assessed the staff-reported quality of life of older people with intellectual disability.

RESULTS: DCM achieved no significantly better or worse quality of life than CAU. Effect sizes varied from 0.01 to -0.22. Adjustments for covariates and restriction of analyses to people with dementia yielded similar results.

CONCLUSION: The finding that DCM does not increase quality of life of older people with intellectual disability contradicts previous findings and deserves further study.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)849-860
Aantal pagina's12
TijdschriftJournal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities
Volume32
Nummer van het tijdschrift4
Vroegere onlinedatum2019
DOI's
StatusPublished - jul-2019

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