Effects of screening for psychological distress on patient outcomes in cancer: A systematic review

Anna Meijer, Michelle Roseman, Vanessa C. Delisle, Katherine Milette, Brooke Levis, Achyuth Syamchandra, Michael E. Stefanek, Donna E. Stewart, Peter de Jonge, James C. Coyne, Brett D. Thombs*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

Onderzoeksoutputpeer review

104 Citaten (Scopus)
755 Downloads (Pure)


Objective: Several practice guidelines recommend routine screening for psychological distress in cancer care. The objective was to evaluate the effect of screening cancer patients for psychological distress by assessing the (1) effectiveness of interventions to reduce distress among patients identified as distressed; and (2) effects of screening for distress on distress outcomes.

Methods: CINAHL, Cochrane, EMBASE, ISI, MEDLINE;PsycINFO, and SCOPUS databases were searched through April 6, 2011 with manual searches of 45 relevant journals, reference list review, citation tracking of included articles, and trial registry reviews through June 30, 2012. Articles in any language on cancer patients were included if they (1) compared treatment for patients with psychological distress to placebo or usual care in a randomized controlled trial (RCT); or (2) assessed the effect of screening on psychological distress in a RCT.

Results: There were 14 eligible RCTs for treatment of distress, and 1 RCT on the effects of screening on patient distress. Pharmacological, psychotherapy and collaborative care interventions generally reduced distress with small to moderate effects. One study investigated effects of screening for distress On psychological outcomes, and it found no improvement

Conclusion: Treatment studies reported modest improvement in distress symptoms, but only a single eligible study was found on the effects of screening cancer patients for distress, and distress did not improve in screened patients versus those receiving usual care. Because of the lack of evidence of beneficial effects of screening cancer patients for distress, it is premature to recommend or mandate implementation of routine screening. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)1-17
Aantal pagina's17
TijdschriftJournal of Psychosomatic Research
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
StatusPublished - jul.-2013

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