Efficient fabrication of thermo-stable dissolving microneedle arrays for intradermal delivery of influenza whole inactivated virus vaccine

Jihui Lee, Martin Beukema, Oliwia A Zaplatynska, Conor O'Mahony, Wouter L J Hinrichs, Anke L W Huckriede, Joke A Bouwstra, Koen van der Maaden*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

1 Citaat (Scopus)


Dissolving microneedle arrays (dMNAs) can be used to deliver vaccines via the intradermal route. Fabrication of dMNAs using centrifugation is the most common preparation method of dMNAs, but it results in a substantial loss of antigens. In order to solve the issue of antigen waste, we engineered an automatic dispensing system for dMNA preparation. Here, we report on the fabrication of influenza whole inactivated virus (WIV) vaccine-loaded dMNAs (WIV dMNAs) by using the automatic dispensing system. Prior to the dispensing process, polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) moulds were treated with oxygen plasma to increase surface hydrophilicity. WIV dMNAs were prepared with 1% (w/v) trehalose and pullulan (50 : 50 weight ratio). During the dispensing process, reduced pressure was applied to the PDMS mould via a vacuum chamber to make microneedle cavities airless. After producing dMNAs, WIV was quantified and 1.9 μg of WIV was loaded per dMNA, of which 1.3 μg was in the microneedle tips. Compared to the centrifugation method, this automatic dispensing system resulted in a 95% reduction of antigen waste. A hemagglutination assay confirmed that WIV dMNA maintained the stability of the antigen for at least four weeks of storage, even at room temperature or at 37 °C. The WIV dMNAs displayed 100% penetration efficiency in human skin, and 83% of the microneedle volume was dissolved in the skin within 10 minutes. In a vaccination study, mice immunised with WIV dMNAs showed similar IgG levels to those that received WIV intramuscularly. In conclusion, using the automatic dispensing system for dMNA production strongly reduced antigen waste and yielded dMNAs with excellent physical, mechanical, and immunological properties.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot) 6790–6800
Aantal pagina's11
TijdschriftBiomaterials Science
Nummer van het tijdschrift20
Vroegere onlinedatum11-aug.-2023
StatusPublished - 2023

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