BACKGROUND: The constant expansion of internet and mobile technologies has created new opportunities in the field of eHealth, or the digital delivery of healthcare services. This TB meta-analysis aims to examine eHealth and its impact on TB clinical management in order to formulate recommendations for further development.METHODS: A systematic search was performed using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses framework in PubMed and Embase of articles published up to April 2021. Screening, extraction and quality assessment were performed by two independent researchers. Studies evaluating an internet and/or mobile-based eHealth intervention with an impact on TB clinical management were included. Outcomes were organised following the five domains described in the WHO "Recommendations on Digital Interventions for Health System Strengthening" guideline.RESULTS: Search strategy yielded 3,873 studies, and 89 full texts were finally included. eHealth tended to enhance screening, diagnosis and treatment indicators, while being cost-effective and acceptable to users. The main challenges concern hardware malfunction and software misuse.CONCLUSION: This study offers a broad overview of the innovative field of eHealth applications in TB. Different studies implementing eHealth solutions consistently reported on benefits, but also on specific challenges. eHealth is a promising field of research and could enhance clinical management of TB.
|The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease : the official journal of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
|Nummer van het tijdschrift
|Published - 1-dec.-2022