Electroencephalogram Power Density and Slow Wave Sleep as a Function of Prior Waking and Circadian Phase

Derk-Jan Dijk, Daniel P. Brunner, Domien G.M. Beersma, Alexander A. Borbély

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

159 Citaten (Scopus)
540 Downloads (Pure)


Human sleep electroencephalograms, recorded in four experiments, were subjected to spectral analysis. Waking prior to sleep varied from 12 to 36 h and sleep was initiated at different circadian phases. Power density of delta and theta frequencies in rapid-eye-movement (REM) sleep and non-REM (NREM) sleep increased monotonically as a function of prior waking. The increase of power density in the theta frequencies contrasts with the reported decrease of theta activity as detected by period-amplitude analysis. Slow wave activity (power density, 0.25-4.0 Hz) in NREM sleep during the first 3 h of sleep did not deviate significantly from the homeostatic process S of the two-process model of sleep regulation. In contrast, visually scored slow wave sleep, stages 3 and 4, deviated from this prediction at some circadian phases. It is concluded that, in accordance with the two-process model of sleep regulation, slow wave activity in NREM sleep depends on prior waking and is not significantly influenced by circadian phase.
Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)430-440
Aantal pagina's11
Nummer van het tijdschrift5
StatusPublished - okt-1990

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