Enantiocomplementary Michael Additions of Acetaldehyde to Aliphatic Nitroalkenes Catalyzed by Proline‐Based Carboligases

Andreas Kunzendorf, Mohammad Saifuddin, Gerrit J. Poelarends*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

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The blockbuster drug Pregabalin is widely prescribed for the treatment of painful diabetic neuropathy. Given the continuous epidemic growth of diabetes, the development of sustainable synthesis routes for Pregabalin and structurally related pharmaceutically active γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) derivatives is of high interest. Enantioenriched γ-nitroaldehydes are versatile synthons for the production of GABA derivatives, which can be prepared through a Michael-type addition of acetaldehyde to α,β-unsaturated nitroalkenes. Here we report that tailored variants of the promiscuous enzyme 4-oxalocrotonate tautomerase (4-OT) can accept diverse aliphatic α,β-unsaturated nitroalkenes as substrates for acetaldehyde addition. Highly enantioenriched aliphatic ( R )- and ( S )-γ-nitroaldehydes were obtained in good yields using two enantiocomplementary 4-OT variants. Our results underscore the synthetic potential of 4-OT for the preparation of structurally diverse synthons for bioactive analogues of Pregabalin.
Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's5
Nummer van het tijdschrift6
Vroegere onlinedatum2022
StatusPublished - 18-mrt-2022

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