Estimating the variance of estimator of the latent factor linear mixed model using supplemented expectation-maximization algorithm

Yenni Angraini*, Khairil Anwar Notodiputro*, Henk Folmer, Asep Saefuddin, Toni Toharudin

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

1 Citaat (Scopus)
36 Downloads (Pure)


This paper deals with symmetrical data that can be modelled based on Gaussian distribution, such as linear mixed models for longitudinal data. The latent factor linear mixed model (LFLMM) is a method generally used for analysing changes in high-dimensional longitudinal data. It is usual that the model estimates are based on the expectation-maximization (EM) algorithm, but unfortunately, the algorithm does not produce the standard errors of the regression coefficients, which then hampers testing procedures. To fill in the gap, the Supplemented EM (SEM) algorithm for the case of fixed variables is proposed in this paper. The computational aspects of the SEM algorithm have been investigated by means of simulation. We also calculate the variance matrix of beta using the second moment as a benchmark to compare with the asymptotic variance matrix of beta of SEM. Both the second moment and SEM produce symmetrical results, the variance estimates of beta are getting smaller when number of subjects in the simulation increases. In addition, the practical usefulness of this work was illustrated using real data on political attitudes and behaviour in Flanders-Belgium.

Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's13
Nummer van het tijdschrift7
StatusPublished - jul.-2021

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