European clinical guidelines for Tourette syndrome and other tic disorders-version 2.0. Part I: assessment

Natalia Szejko, Sally Robinson, Andreas Hartmann, Christos Ganos, Nanette M Debes, Liselotte Skov, Martina Haas, Renata Rizzo, Jeremy Stern, Alexander Münchau, Virginie Czernecki, Andrea Dietrich, Tara L Murphy, Davide Martino, Zsanett Tarnok, Tammy Hedderly, Kirsten R Müller-Vahl, Danielle C Cath*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

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    In 2011 a working group of the European Society for the Study of Tourette Syndrome (ESSTS) has developed the first European assessment guidelines for Tourette syndrome (TS). Now, we present an updated version 2.0 of these European clinical guidelines for Tourette syndrome and other tic disorders, part I: assessment. Therefore, the available literature has been thoroughly screened, supplemented with national guidelines across countries and discussions among ESSTS experts. Diagnostic changes between DSM-IV and DSM-5 classifications were taken into account and new information has been added regarding differential diagnoses, with an emphasis on functional movement disorders in both children and adults. Further, recommendations regarding rating scales to evaluate tics, comorbidities, and neuropsychological status are provided. Finally, results from a recently performed survey among ESSTS members on assessment in TS are described. We acknowledge that the Yale Global Tic Severity Scale (YGTSS) is still the gold standard for assessing tics. Recommendations are provided for scales for the assessment of tics and psychiatric comorbidities in patients with TS not only in routine clinical practice, but also in the context of clinical research. Furthermore, assessments supporting the differential diagnosis process are given as well as tests to analyse cognitive abilities, emotional functions and motor skills.

    Originele taal-2English
    Pagina's (van-tot)383–402
    Aantal pagina's20
    TijdschriftEuropean Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
    Volume31
    Vroegere onlinedatum2021
    DOI's
    StatusPublished - mrt.-2022

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