Evolution of enzyme functionality in the flavin-containing monooxygenases

Gautier Bailleul, Guang Yang, Callum R Nicoll, Andrea Mattevi, Marco W Fraaije, Maria Laura Mascotti*

*Corresponding author voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

11 Citaten (Scopus)
79 Downloads (Pure)


Among the molecular mechanisms of adaptation in biology, enzyme functional diversification is indispensable. By allowing organisms to expand their catalytic repertoires and adopt fundamentally different chemistries, animals can harness or eliminate new-found substances and xenobiotics that they are exposed to in new environments. Here, we explore the flavin-containing monooxygenases (FMOs) that are essential for xenobiotic detoxification. Employing a paleobiochemistry approach in combination with enzymology techniques we disclose the set of historical substitutions responsible for the family's functional diversification in tetrapods. Remarkably, a few amino acid replacements differentiate an ancestral multi-tasking FMO into a more specialized monooxygenase by modulating the oxygenating flavin intermediate. Our findings substantiate an ongoing premise that enzymatic function hinges on a subset of residues that is not limited to the active site core.

Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's10
TijdschriftNature Communications
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
StatusPublished - 24-feb.-2023


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