Evolutionary genetics and ecology of sperm-dependent parthenogenesis

L.W. Beukeboom, R.C. Vrijenhoek

Onderzoeksoutput: Review articlepeer review

175 Citaten (Scopus)
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Sperm-dependent (or pseudogamous) forms of parthenogenetic reproduction occur in a wide variety of animals. Inheritance is typically clonal and matroclinous (of female descent), but sperm are needed to initiate normal development. As opposed to true parthenogenesis (i.e., sperm-independent reproduction), pseudogamous parthenogenetic lineages must coexist with a ‘sperm donor’ — e.g., males from a conspecific sexual lineage, conspecific hermaphrodites, or males from a closely related sexual species. Such sperm donors do not contribute genetically to the next generation. The parasitic nature of sperm-dependent parthenogenesis raises numerous ecological and evolutionary questions. How do they arise? What factors help stabilize coexistence between the pseudogamous parthenogens and their sperm donors (i.e., ‘sexual hosts’)? Why do males waste sperm on the asexual females? Why does true parthenogenesis not evolve in pseudogamous lineages and free them from their dependency on sperm donors? Does pseudogamous parthenogenesis provide compensatory benefits that outweigh the constraints of sperm-dependence? Herein, we consider some genetic, ecological, and geographical consequences of sperm-dependent parthenogenesis in animals.
Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)755-782
Aantal pagina's28
TijdschriftJournal of Evolutionary Biology
Nummer van het tijdschrift6
StatusPublished - 1998

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