Experimental evidence for a phylogenetic Janzen-Connell effect in a subtropical forest

Xubing Liu, Minxia Liang, Rampal S. Etienne, Yongfan Wang, Christian Staehelin, Shixiao Yu*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

169 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Observational evidence increasingly suggests that the JanzenConnell effect extends beyond the species boundary. However, this has not been confirmed experimentally. Herein, we present both observational and experimental evidence for a phylogenetic JanzenConnell effect. In a subtropical forest in Guangdong province, China, we observed that co-occurring tree species are less phylogenetically related than expected. The inhibition effects of neighbouring trees on seedling survival decreased with increasing phylogenetic distance between them. In a shade-house experiment, we studied seedling survival of eight species on soil collected close to Castanopsis fissa relative to their survival on soil close to their own adult trees, and found that this relative survival rate increased with phylogenetic distance from C. fissa. This phylogenetic signal disappeared when seedlings were planted in fungicide-treated soil. Our results clearly support negative effects of phylogenetically similar neighbouring trees on seedling survival and suggest that these effects are caused by associated host-specific fungal pathogens.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)111-118
Aantal pagina's8
TijdschriftEcology Letters
Volume15
Nummer van het tijdschrift2
DOI's
StatusPublished - feb-2012

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