Expertise as a domain of epistemics in intensive care shift-handovers

Paulien Harms*, Tom Koole, Ninke Stukker, Jaap E. Tulleken

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

Samenvatting

This paper examines how expertise is treated as a separable domain of epistemics by looking at simulated intensive care shift-handovers between resident physicians. In these handovers, medical information about a patient is transferred from an outgoing physician (OP) to an incoming physician (IP). These handovers contain different interactional activities, such as discussing the patient identifiers, giving a clinical impression, and discussing tasks and focus points. We found that with respect to (factual) knowledge about the patient, the OPs display an orientation to a knowledge imbalance, but with respect to (clinical) procedures, reasoning, and activities, they display an orientation to a knowledge balance. We use 'expertise' to refer to this latter type of knowledge. 'Expertise' differs from, and adds to, how knowledge is often treated in epistemics in that it is concerned with professional competence or 'knowing how'. In terms of epistemics, the participants in the handovers orient to a steep epistemic or knowledge gradient when it concerns the patient, while simultaneously displaying an orientation to a horizontal expertise gradient.

Originele taal-2English
Artikelnummer14614456211016801
Aantal pagina's16
TijdschriftDiscourse Studies
DOI's
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 16-sep-2021

Citeer dit