Explaining residential moving intentions: the case of highway locations

Marije Hamersma, Eva Heinen, Taede Tillema, Jos Arts

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

Samenvatting

In this paper Structural Equation Modeling is used to test a theoretical framework to explain the impact of highway externalities (i.e. accessibility and nuisance) on moving intentions of people living close to highways. We aimed to study whether highway externalities (alongside other contextual factors) impact moving intentions directly or indirectly via their impact on residential satisfaction. Additionally from a mitigating point of view, we looked into the relative importance of highway externalities versus neighborhood aspects as well as the potential direct impact of accessibility and neighborhood aspects in explaining nuisance perceptions.
Results show that residential satisfaction has a prominent role in explaining moving intentions. Both accessibility and highway nuisance impact moving considerations mainly indirectly via the mediating effect of residential satisfaction. When comparing total moving intentions (direct+indirect effects), perceived nuisance has higher importance compared to accessibility aspects. Some neighborhood aspects (i.e. attractivity of buildings, traffic safety) are found of comparable importance to perceived nuisance. Additionally these neighborhood aspects are found to directly relax nuisances perceived. Accessibility-level measures (i.e. satisfaction with accessibility, distance access lane, traffic jam frequency) were not found to affect perceived nuisances directly. Highway preference for highway locations and a positive attitude on car-driving however directly reduced nuisances perceived.
From a practical perspective, the fact that highway externalities mainly have indirect impact and the fact that moving intentions near highway seem to be relatively low in general seem to emphasize the (potential) relevance of mitigation; both to relax as well as to compensate for nuisances.
Originele taal-2English
TitelTransportation Research Board (TRB) Conference
StatusPublished - 2013

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