Exploring spontaneous interactions between people with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities and their peers

A. Kamstra, A. A. J. van der Putten, B. Maes, C. Vlaskamp

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

6 Citaten (Scopus)
135 Downloads (Pure)


Peers living in the same group form important interaction partners for people with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD). Given the severity of their disabilities, direct support persons (DSPs) play a significant role in facilitating interactions between these peers. This study explores the spontaneous interactions between persons with PIMD and the possibilities provided by DSPs related to physical positioning.

Observational data were obtained from 14 people with PIMD for three consecutive hours in a non-controlled situation.

Of all 213 observed interactions, 5.1% were with peers, 73.4% with DSPs, 14.9% with the observer, and 6.5% with others. In 61.3% of the observed timeframes, the participants with PIMD were positioned in a way that made it impossible to touch or/and to look at a peer.

Generally, the observed positioning of the participants made contacts between peers nearly impossible. DSPs should create optimal conditions for interaction between peers.
Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)282-291
Aantal pagina's10
TijdschriftIntellectual and Developmental Disabilities
Nummer van het tijdschrift3
Vroegere onlinedatum15-feb-2018
StatusPublished - 3-jul-2019

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