Extensive Nuclear Reprogramming Underlies Lineage Conversion into Functional Trophoblast Stem-like Cells

Hana Benchetrit, Shay Herman, Niek van Wietmarschen, Tao Wu, Kirill Makedonski, Noam Maoz, Nataly Yom Tov, Danielle Stave, Rachel Lasry, Valery Zayat, Andrew Xiao, Peter M. Lansdorp, Shulamit Sebban, Yosef Buganim*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

47 Citaten (Scopus)
66 Downloads (Pure)

Samenvatting

Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) undergo extensive nuclear reprogramming and are generally indistinguishable from embryonic stem cells (ESCs) in their functional capacity and transcriptome and DNA methylation profiles. However, direct conversion of cells from one lineage to another often yields incompletely reprogrammed, functionally compromised cells, raising the question of whether pluripotency is required to achieve a high degree of nuclear reprogramming. Here, we show that transient expression of Gata3, Eomes, and Tfap2c in mouse fibroblasts induces stable, transgene-independent trophoblast stem-like cells (iTSCs). iTSCs possess transcriptional profiles highly similar to blastocyst-derived TSCs, with comparable methylation and H3K27ac patterns and genome-wide H2A. X deposition. iTSCs generate trophoectodermal lineages upon differentiation, form hemorrhagic lesions, and contribute to developing placentas in chimera assays, indicating a high degree of nuclear reprogramming, with no evidence of passage through a transient pluripotent state. Together, these data demonstrate that extensive nuclear reprogramming can be achieved independently of pluripotency.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)543-556
Aantal pagina's14
TijdschriftCell stem cell
Volume17
Nummer van het tijdschrift5
DOI's
StatusPublished - 5-nov-2015

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