Facilitating Recovery of Daily Functioning in People With a Severe Mental Illness Who Need Longer-Term Intensive Psychiatric Services: Results From a Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial on Cognitive Adaptation Training Delivered by Nurses

Annemarie P.M. Stiekema, Michelle T. van Dam, Richard Bruggeman, Jeroen E. Redmeijer, Marte Swart, Marian Dethmers, Kees Rietberg, Ellie M. Wekking, Dawn I. Velligan, Marieke E. Timmerman, André Aleman, Stynke Castelein, Jaap van Weeghel, Gerdina M.H. Pijnenborg, Lisette van der Meer*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

13 Citaten (Scopus)
93 Downloads (Pure)


BACKGROUND: Feasible and effective interventions to improve daily functioning in people with a severe mental illness (SMI), such as schizophrenia, in need of longer-term rehabilitation are scarce.

AIMS: We assessed the effectiveness of Cognitive Adaptation Training (CAT), a compensatory intervention to improve daily functioning, modified into a nursing intervention.

METHOD: In this cluster randomized controlled trial, 12 nursing teams were randomized to CAT in addition to treatment as usual (CAT; n = 42) or TAU (n = 47). Daily functioning (primary outcome) was assessed every 3 months for 1 year. Additional follow-up assessments were performed for the CAT group in the second year. Secondary outcomes were assessed every 6 months. Data were analyzed using multilevel modeling.

RESULTS: CAT participants improved significantly on daily functioning, executive functioning, and visual attention after 12 months compared to TAU. Improvements were maintained after 24 months. Improved executive functioning was related to improved daily functioning. Other secondary outcomes (quality of life, empowerment, negative symptoms) showed no significant effects.

CONCLUSIONS: As a nursing intervention, CAT leads to maintained improvements in daily functioning, and may improve executive functioning and visual attention in people with SMI in need of longer-term intensive psychiatric care. Given the paucity of evidence-based interventions in this population, CAT can become a valuable addition to recovery-oriented care.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)1259-1268
Aantal pagina's10
TijdschriftSchizophrenia Bulletin
Nummer van het tijdschrift5
StatusPublished - okt.-2020

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