Fibroblast growth factor 23 and calcium-phosphate metabolism in relation to cardiovascular risk factors in patients with type 1 diabetes

Stephanie Vermeulen*, Mirjam E. A. Scheffer-Rath, Martine T.P. Besouw, Amarens van der Vaart, Martin H. de Borst, Annemieke M. Boot

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

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Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the major cause of mortality in type 1 diabetes (T1D). The objective of this study is to evaluate fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) and calcium-phosphate metabolism in relation to cardiovascular risk factors in adults with and without T1D.

Methods: A case–control study was conducted using data from patients with T1D and age- and sex matched controls without T1D from the Lifelines Cohort Study. 

Results: We included 302 adults in the T1D group and 302 adults in the control group. Median age was 42 years. Median glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in the T1D group was 7.8%. FGF23 of all patients with T1D was not significantly different from controls. Females with T1D had significantly higher FGF23 than males with T1D (83.3 vs 69.3 U/mL, p = 0.002), this was not observed in controls. Serum phosphate, calcium, and alkaline phosphatase were higher and parathyroid hormone was lower in patients with T1D, compared to controls (all p <.001), all within normal range. In the T1D group, FGF23 was positively correlated with serum phosphate (p <.001), alkaline phosphatase (p =.01), and calcium (p =.030), these correlations were not observed in controls. Median FGF23 was significantly higher in current smokers than in nonsmokers with T1D (84.9 vs 73.5 U/mL, p <.05). 

Conclusions: Serum calcium, phosphate, and alkaline phosphatase were higher in patients with T1D than in controls and were positively correlated to FGF23 in patients with T1D. Current smokers with T1D had higher FGF23 than nonsmokers with T1D. These findings may contribute to the increased risk of CVD in patients with T1D.

Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's9
TijdschriftJournal of diabetes
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 20-dec.-2023

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