Fipronil is a powerful uncoupler of oxidative phosphorylation that triggers apoptosis in human neuronal cell line SHSY5Y

Cyril Vidau, Rosa A González-Polo, Mireia Niso-Santano, Rubén Gómez-Sánchez, José M Bravo-San Pedro, Elisa Pizarro-Estrella, Rafael Blasco, Jean-Luc Brunet, Luc P Belzunces, José M Fuentes

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

73 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Fipronil is a phenylpyrazole insecticide known to elicit neurotoxicity via an interaction with ionotropic receptors, namely GABA and glutamate receptors. Recently, we showed that fipronil and other phenylpyrazole compounds trigger cell death in Caco-2 cells. In this study, we investigated the mode of action and the type of cell death induced by fipronil in SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells. Flow cytometric and western blot analyses demonstrated that fipronil induces cellular events belonging to the apoptosis process, such as mitochondrial potential collapse, cytochrome c release, caspase-3 activation, nuclear condensation and phosphatidylserine externalization. In addition, fipronil induces a rapid ATP depletion with concomitant activation of anaerobic glycolysis. This cellular response is characteristic of mitochondrial injury associated with a defect of the respiration process. Therefore, we also investigated the effect of fipronil on the oxygen consumption in isolated mitochondria. Interestingly, we show for the first time that fipronil is a strong uncoupler of oxidative phosphorylation at relative low concentrations. Thus in this study, we report a new mode of action by which the insecticide fipronil could triggers apoptosis.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)935-43
Aantal pagina's9
TijdschriftNeurotoxicology
Volume32
Nummer van het tijdschrift6
DOI's
StatusPublished - dec.-2011
Extern gepubliceerdJa

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