Nonmyeloablative (NMA) conditioning regimens facilitate allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT) in elderly patients and/or in those with comorbidities. The acute leukemia working party (ALWP) of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) compared the outcomes of patients >= 60 years with AML in first complete remission (CR1), that had received an alloSCT following NMA conditioning, i.e. either fludarabine/busulfan (FB2) or fludarabine/total-body-irradiation-2Gy (FluTBI2Gy). A total of 1088 patients were included (median age 65 years). Donors were matched siblings (MSD) and matched unrelated donors (MUD) in 47% and 53%, respectively. In vivo T-cell depletion (TCD) was applied to 79% and none (0%) of patients in the FB2 and FluTBI2Gy groups, respectively. In the MSD group we found a trend for less extensive cGVHD in patients receiving FB2 with in vivo TCD, HR: 0.49, p = 0.08, and in those without worse NRM, HR: 2.14, p = 0.04, and a trend for more total cGVHD, HR: 1.61, p = 0.09. Patients transplanted from MUDs had a significantly higher incidence of total cGVHD, extensive cGVHD and a worse GRFS with FluTBI2Gy in comparison to FB2, HR: 2.44; p <0.0001; HR 4.59; p <0.00001 and HR: 1.35; p = 0.03, respectively. No differences were observed with respect to LFS, OS, RI, NRM, and aGVHD.