Food and agriculture in Slavonia, Croatia, during the Late Middle Ages: the archaeobotanical evidence

Kelly Reed*, Ana Smuk, Tatjana Tkalčec, Jaqueline Balen, Marija Mihaljević

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

1 Citaat (Scopus)
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Samenvatting

This paper presents the results from archaeobotanical remains collected from ten medieval settlements and fort sites in the region of present-day Slavonia, Croatia. From the 12th century AD, Slavonia was part of the Kingdom of Hungary, although the region benefited from a certain amount of autonomy. Examining the archaeobotanical data from this period shows a diverse agricultural system, where crop fields, gardens, orchards, pastures and woodlands were all used to produce a range of cereals, fruits, nuts, vegetables and herbs, as well as fibre plants. The dataset is dominated by cereal remains, especially Triticum aestivum/durum (free-threshing wheat), Panicum miliaceum (broomcorn millet) and Secale cereale (rye). Vitis vinifera (grape pips) were the most common fruit recovered, which corresponds with the presence of vineyards and international trade in wine noted in the literature by the late Middle Ages. Also of significance was the recovery of Cannabis sativa (hemp) and Linum usitatissimum (flax), which suggest local cultivation, possibly for linen and hemp fibres, for oil or for medicinal purposes.
Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)347–361
Aantal pagina's15
TijdschriftVegetation History and Archaeobotany
Volume31
Vroegere onlinedatum17-sep.-2021
DOI's
StatusPublished - aug.-2022
Extern gepubliceerdJa

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